Friday, May 20, 2011

Proclamational Preaching vs Bible Lectures

Below is an excellent article by Jared Wilson about taking notes during sermons (especially read the excellent quotes from Lloyd-Jones and Ortlund). I am convinced that most of what peddles itself as 'expository preaching' is little more than fact-driven Bible lectures. Now, a lecture on the Bible is a wonderful thing--just don't confuse it with expository preaching.  

You can easily recognize these 'Bible lectures' because they often have fill-in-the-blank handouts and excessively use power-point slides. The 30-45 minute-sermon is stuffed with facts and cross-references, all of which the dutiful congregant is expected to copy down. While this type of message is edifying and can be beneficial, we dare not confuse it with real, biblical, expository preaching. Bible lectures only have the appearance of depth, but because they are designed to target the mind they have no power to change the heart. 

True expository preaching proclaims the message of the passage and its hearers are drawn into the heartbeat of the text before them.  Ray Ortlund says "Hearing a sermon is not like hearing a lecture. It is your meeting with the living Christ. It is you seeing his glory, so that you can feel and and be changed by it."  The more I read the great expository sermons of men like Spurgeon, Calvin, and Martin Lloyd-Jones, the more I become convinced that most who consider themselves 'expository preachers' have no real idea what those words mean.

Below is Jared's blog post:


Ray Ortlund recently excerpted the Doctor on note-taking during sermons:
“I have often discouraged the taking of notes while I am preaching. . . . The first and primary object of preaching is not only to give information. It is, as Edwards says, to produce an impression. It is the impression at the time that matters, even more than what you can remember subsequently. . . . While you are writing your notes, you may be missing something of the impact of the Spirit.”

Martyn Lloyd-Jones, The Puritans: Their Origins and Successors(Edinburgh, 1987), page 360.

Some thoughts of my own:

1. I began rethinking what preaching is about the time I began growing disillusioned with the "6 Steps to Successful Yada Yada Yada" I had been fed in church for nearly 15 years. At that time, we didn't often have to take notes, as a fill-in-the-blank notesheet was often provided. This many of us would dutifully complete, filling in the missing alliterations, then when the service was over, fold in half, stuff in our pockets, and later find converted back to pulp when the laundry was done.

2. It is difficult for people accustomed to 6 handy steps with accompanying Bible verses to transition to proclamational preaching. I learned this first when preaching this way in a young adult service hosted by a "seeker church" that preached the other way. There was category confusion. The sermons didn't seem bullet-pointy, so there was difficulty sensing the narrative. And I stunk at helping.

3. I first began thinking about note-taking in relation to what preaching is when I heard Tim Keller say in a sermon, "I don't mind if you take notes at the beginning of a message, but if you're still taking notes at the end, I feel like I haven't brought it home." I thought to myself, "Hmmm."

4. I began discouraging note-taking (not forbidding it) and relieving my church from the duty of note taking (meaning, saying they didn't have to) because I want them to see preaching in the worship service not as a lecture or as primarily an educational transmission to their minds, but as prophetic proclamation and as primarily aimed at their hearts.

5. Some people have said they process what they hear better when they write things down, and that's cool. Some people have said being told they shouldn't take notes if they don't need to was a huge relief. They now hear better. People are different. I would say if taking notes helps you hear, take notes. If taking notes is simply for memory afterwards, I would recommend not doing so. There is always the sermon audio to refer to, and I provide my preaching outline (which usually includes the lines people most want to remember) to anyone who asks for it.

6. My view of preaching is that it is an act of worship for both the preacher and the congregation. The aim of preaching is to proclaim and exalt Christ by proclaiming and exulting in the Scriptures. For this reason, I dissuade note-takers, the same way I dissuade a similar approach to the music time. In worship music, we respond to the gospel by exalting God verbally. In the preaching time, a congregation may not be exalting verbally (although "Amen"s are appreciated, and the occasional awe-inspired gasp is gold :-), but they are not passive in their silence.

7. The preacher ought to do his best on each sermon and preach his guts out in an act of audience-of-One worship, but it is best not to trust one sermon for specific results. Instead, we trust a pattern of and persistence in preaching to have a cumulative effect on the hearts of individuals and in the shaping of a local body. Note-taking is a one sermon act of trust. Just listening and exulting in proclamation trusts that it's okay to miss some good lines or good points, because it trusts the Holy Spirit to be shaping your heart through the preaching of God's Word.

8. Ditching the note-taking preaching ethos both elevates sermons and properly diminishes them. It treats a sermon as proclamation aided by the Spirit, which gives the sermon a supernatural weight. On the other hand, by treating all words in a sermon as expendable to memory, it puts the preacher's words in the right place compared to the Scripture's words. It diminishes the impact of a well-turned phrase and magnifies real revelation.

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